Magnesium is crucial for many processes in our bodies. One of the most important processes magnesium is needed for is to create energy for our bodies.
Magnesium is a cofactor in the production of ATP via ATP synthase. ATP is manufactured in the mitochondria and must be bound to a magnesium ion to be biologically active. Think of mitochondria as the powerhouse of our cells, and we are made up of trillions of cells.
Each human cell has 1,000-2,000 mitochondria, and ATP is made in each one through a series of eight steps called the Krebs cycle. What is incredible about magnesium is that it is needed for six of those eight steps.
We like to think of the Krebs cycle as a pathway for the breakdown of glucose (sugar), but it takes pyruvate from the glycolysis cycle and makes ATP energy molecules. The Krebs cycle is necessary for the breakdown of all metabolites: sugars, amino acids, and fatty acids. Each of these groups of molecules has a pathway that leads into the Krebs cycle.
With the help of magnesium, the Krebs cycle in the mitochondria is our basic life force. Mitochondrial dysfunction is being investigated by both allopathic and alternative medicine, but it may be important to look at incorporating more magnesium and other lifestyle changes that bring the body into a relaxed and regenerative state.